Summary: One of the fundamental discoveries of early nutrition research was the connection between ill health and soil deficiency. Investigations like the one featured in this 1950 article showed that mineral shortages in worn-out land lead to malnutrition and disease not only in plants and animals grown on that land but in humans who eat those plants and animals. In the study described here, diseased dairy cows raised on mineral-deficient pastures are returned to health through dietary supplementation with trace minerals—those elements so often lacking in the overworked soils of conventional, nonorganic farms. The author also discusses the negative nutritional consequences of pasteurizing milk as well as the nutrient-robbing effects of industrial food processing in general. Thanks to a loss of nutrients at just about every step of the modern food manufacturing process, he says, Americans suffer widespread malnutrition despite a preponderance on their plates. From Steel Horizons magazine, 1950. Lee Foundation for Nutritional Research reprint 41A.
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Are We Starving at Full Tables?
A vacationing U.S. public was probably in no mood this summer to recognize or worry about the most serious threat our population has faced since the war. But America’s scientists are deeply concerned about the nation’s steadily rising tide of cancer, heart disease, arthritis, and mental ailments, particularly among our young.
A growing portion of our doctors, scientists, and educators are subscribing to the idea that many of the nation’s ills are stemming from malnutrition, even though most dinner tables of the country are amply loaded. There seems to be little doubt that the nation’s thin, life-giving layer of topsoil is running out of certain essential chemicals in some sections of the country, and even a juicy, two-inch steak from cattle fed on that deficient soil can be practically nutritionless.
The key elements upon which much of the true fertility of our soil depends are known as trace minerals, a term that has more bearing on your life this summer than H-bomb. These priceless trace minerals consist of some 32 elements—such as iron, cobalt, magnesium, and zinc—and occur in such minute quantities that they must be measured in parts per million. They seem to be basic elements in the complex chemical and electrical mechanism that makes up man’s body.
Unfortunately, most farmers and food processors do not yet fully realize the ominous danger that surely lies in this growing deficiency of vital trace elements in some areas of the country. Indeed, the practice of the farmer adding lime and fertilizer to his land to attain larger and larger crops is only hastening the exhaustion of trace elements. And habit has led food processors to extract nutritive qualities by the barrelful from normally good food—as in the milling of wheat flour—and put back only a pinch of synthetic nutrition.
Fortunately, the nation’s nutritionists are well aware of this tragic depletion of vital trace elements in our soil, and they are urgently carrying on experiments now to learn all they can about the functions of trace elements in animals and humans and methods of restoring them to mineral-exhausted soils.
One of the most notable of these experiments is being conducted by Dr. Ira Allison, with the cooperation of the International Harvester Company, on the O.E. Jennings dairy farm near Springfield, Missouri. The Ozark area was chosen because it is probably the oldest land in North America and thus one of the most deficient areas in soil trace elements.
Some of the results turned up by Allison, in close cooperation with Dr. William A. Albrecht of the University of Missouri, are as amazing as they are encouraging. The Jennings herd of dairy cattle had Bang’s disease, and in each sick cow Allison found a deficiency in some of the precious trace elements. The same elements were present in the blood of healthy cows. Allison found corresponding deficiencies in the afflicted cows’ milk and in the soil on which they grazed. Everything tied together perfectly.
Allison then decided to use three “pilot” cows; the amazing case of “Snowdrop,” a Jersey champion, is typical of the results of all three. Snowdrop got Bang’s shortly after she was acquired by Jennings. She was droopy, had a 104 fever, and yielded only 15 pounds of milk a day.
As soon as Allison supplied missing trace elements to Snowdrop’s diet, she began to pick up. Within 90 days she was yielding 45 pounds of milk a day. Her blood hemoglobin content climbed from 50 percent to 90 percent. Bang’s disease is now completely licked on the Jennings farm. Jennings no longer vaccinates his animals against it, and all appearances of mastitis and brucellosis have been banished from the herd.[Photo of bull, with caption:] Stricken with rickets, “Bruce” was cured with trace minerals in Dr. Allison’s program.
Allison was now ready to take the next step: to see if these same trace element deficiencies were important contributing factors in human illnesses. A clinic was established in Springfield for people suffering from undulant fever. The miraculous results of Allison’s fourth clinic last year are typical.
In the case of all 47 patients, previous treatment had failed. But Allison’s therapy, which included trace element salts and a high-protein, low-sugar diet, provided rapid restoration of good health to each one. Not only was undulant fever controlled, but symptoms of backache, arthritis, fever, constipation, and mental depression disappeared! A 74-year-old woman recovered completely from “incurable” eczema on her hands. A diabetic male patient in the clinic, after three months of treatment, got along on one-third the insulin formerly required.
An important part of this incredulous trace element therapy at Springfield now includes the consumption of raw milk from cows of the Jennings herd, which are being fed their full dietary requirements of essential trace minerals. Allison wants to be sure that [the minerals] can be passed along beneficially to humans in milk.
Because the heat of pasteurizing milk apparently cuts by one-third to one-half the natural contents of B12—the recently isolated and important growth and development vitamin—and because it seriously impairs the milk’s calcium content, a modern, ultrasanitary McCormick “milk parlor” was installed at the Jennings dairy farm this spring.
Parlor milking is a system by which cows are brought to a separate room or building, apart from their regular quarters, to be milked. International Harvester dairy engineers have perfected automatic milking equipment that uses stainless steel pipes instead of pails to move the milk. The milk is piped directly from the teat cups to covered cans in the milk house—under vacuum all the way! The system assures the highest standard of sanitation and allows milk from the Jennings herd to retain its full nutritive value and purity until it is consumed by patients at the Allison clinic.
In the Jennings milking parlor, the cows deliver the milk to the operator, three at a time, in tandem stalls whose gates are opened and closed from the operator’s pit. As soon as teat cups are attached to the cows, the vacuum actuated pulsators start the milking action. Milk begins to flow through the stainless steel pipeline directly to a series of connected milk cans [and] into an International milk cooler. [With the milk] moved entirely under vacuum, there is no chance of milk contamination by airborne bacteria.
To assure additional cleanliness, the pipes connecting the milk cans and the milk-can covers are made of stainless steel too. When records on milk production of individual cows are desired, the milk is first detoured through stainless steel weighing cans before it enters the stainless [steel] milk line. The whole system is designed for quick disassembly and cleaning between milkings.
Because of its speed and economy, the use of McCormick parlor milkers is spreading among modern dairy farms all over the nation. They are comparable in cost to conventional pail-type equipment.
The experiments being carried on today by Dr. Allison and International Harvester provide a powerful front in our fight against the nation’s growing problem of malnutrition-on-a-full-stomach and the human ailments that seem to stem from it. “It’s only a matter of awakening to the problem,” says Allison. “The vital trace elements are to be found in abundance in America. It’s only a question of finding which ones are lacking in specific plots of land and then putting them there.”[Photo of scientists holding test rats, with caption:] White-rat experiments by U.S. Department of Agriculture clearly show [that] lack of trace minerals affects health of animals. [Photo of chicken, with caption:] This chicken may be fed enough, but lack of magnesium [has] caused crooked legs.
Author unknown. Reprinted from Steel Horizons, Vol. 12, No. 3, 1950, by the Lee Foundation for Nutritional Research.
Reprint No. 41A
Lee Foundation for Nutritional Research
Milwaukee 3, Wis.
Printed in U.S.A.
Note: Lee Foundation for Nutritional Research is a nonprofit, public-service institution, chartered to investigate and disseminate nutritional information. The attached publication is not literature or labeling for any product, nor shall it be employed as such by anyone. In accordance with the right of freedom of the press guaranteed to the Foundation by the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution, the attached publication is issued and distributed for informational purposes.