Austrian Style Christmas Cheese Fondue


Ask Chef Phyllis:

Every year just before Christmas Eve, I begin to think of my grandmother’s cheese fondue. I thought it was very special, and the memory brings joy to my heart. I’ve tried to duplicate it several times, but I wasn’t successful. It was an expensive experiment. Since then, I’ve purchased the supermarket Swiss fondue box for years. Pricey, and they all pretty much taste the same… cheese with wine added. My grandmother came from the Lake Constance area somewhere in Austria. Her fondue had eggs and I think butter in it—not just Swiss cheese. It was served with vegetable crudités, apples, ham, and sometimes roasted potatoes, not bread. I’ve looked up fondue on the internet and came up with nothing. Is there another kind of cheese fondue? Do you think you can help?
—Wallace LeMaster, Lexington, TX

I hope this Christmas tradition will be carried on in your family for many years to come.

Here’s what I found:

Fondue comes from the French word fondre, which means “to melt.” And you’re correct—cheese fondue is not exclusively Swiss, although that particular recipe has become the most famous.

Lake Constance lies within and is surrounded by Germany, Austria, and Switzerland at the northern foot of the Alps. Since your grandmother was Austrian, her fondue would have been influenced by regional cheeses and what was available seasonally. Below I’ve listed some of the local cheeses from that area of Europe.

Although I found many recipes online for cheese fondue, most of them were versions of the recipe we acquaint with Switzerland. It wasn’t until I looked in old cookbooks that I found fondue recipes from Germany, Austria, and France, as well as some from Italy. I hope this is the fondue you remember from your beloved grandmother’s kitchen. I wish you and yours a happy holiday.

Austrian Style Christmas Cheese Fondue

The cheeses I recommend for this fondue are popular in Austria, Germany, and Italy. You should feel free to experiment and combine your favorites.


  • ¾ pound Emmentaler, baby Swiss, Gruyère, Appenzeller, Tilsit, Cambozola, fontina, fresh mozzarella, or farmstead cheese, in any combination, cubed into ½-inch dices
  • 2 cups whole milk or half & half
  • 3 egg yolks, whisked
  • 6 tablespoons butter
  • Grated black truffle (optional)
  • 2 large garlic cloves

Suggested Accompaniments: red and green pepper strips, carrot sticks, celery root, fennel, roasted potatoes, apple slices or chunks, ham chunks, salami slices, cooked bacon.

*Keep extra cheese, milk, and vegetables on hand.

Special equipment: fondue pot and forks, Sterno for heating.


  1. Place cheese cubes in a heavy-bottomed sauce pan set over low heat. Pour in milk or half & half to cover. Heat ingredients, stirring constantly. The cheese may appear stringy, but it will become more liquid over time.
  2. Take the pan off the burner for 3 minutes. Add the beaten egg yolks and butter, then stir with a large wooden spoon using a figure eight motion until smooth.
  3. Rub the fondue pot with garlic cloves. Discard the cloves, then transfer the cheese mixture to the fondue pot. If desired, grate black truffle over the fondue.
  4. Serve immediately with the prepared vegetables, meats, or apple slices for dipping.


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To choose your organically grown and fresh ingredients wisely, use the following criteria:

  • chemical- and hormone-free meat
  • wild-caught fish
  • pasture-raised, organic eggs
  • whole, unrefined grains
  • virgin, unrefined, first-press organic oils
  • whole-food, unrefined sweeteners
  • pure, clean, spring water
  • sea salt
  • raw and/or cultured milk and cream products

Phyllis Quinn

Phyllis Quinn is a chef, food writer, and founder of Udderly Cultured, a class that teaches how to make homemade fresh mozzarella, butter, yogurt, cottage cheese, and other cultured products. Private lessons are available. For a reservation, call Phyllis at 970-221-5556 or email her at Rediscover nearly lost cooking methods and get one-of-a-kind recipes in her books The Slow Cook Gourmet and Udderly Cultured: The Art of Milk Fermentation.

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2 thoughts on “Austrian Style Christmas Cheese Fondue

  1. Patsy says:

    Sounds great ! Haven’t had fondue in a dogs age, Nice adding the veggies etc Though don’t have a fondue set anymore smile

  2. Phyllis says:

    Thank you for your comment Patsy.
    Since so many people are gluten intolerant today– veggies instead of the bread cubes are a nice alternative. You don’t need an official fondue pot, just put a heavy bottomed stainless sauce pan on the stove top to heat the cheese and serve it at your table. The cheese will stay hot for a long time. Enjoy…it definitely creates some memorable family time. Merry Christmas!

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